Like all communication, Learning Communication is governed by rules, specific to the context of learning.
The more the participants of the learning opportunity understand the rules of Learning Communication the more likely the participants will be able benefit from the learning opportunity.
The challenge today is that our communities are divided into to two different and rapidly diverging communities. One learning community uses the learning communication rules built on the Printing Press. The other learning community uses learning communication rules built on 21st century tools like the Internet, extremely fast processors, and very inexpensive digital storage.
Learning Communication Rules built on the Printing Press served us well since the 1500’s. England was able to rule most of the world based on it.
It is particularly important now to understand the , because of domestication of the Electron. By that I mean that we have harnessed the electron and created:
- The Internet
- The Cloud
- Fast and powerful search engines
- Inexpensive and fast processors and Data storage
- Very inexpensive data storage
- , Learning Communication has been fundamentally changed.
Just as the Printing Press fundamentally changed learning communication, and brought the world the Reformation and the Age of Enlightenment, The Internet and easy storage and retrieval of data, has also fundamentally changed learning communication.
Syntax is a set of rules in a language. It dictates how words from different parts of speech are put together in order to convey a complete thought.
Language is typically said to be governed by a group of unspoken rules: phonological, semantic, syntactic, pragmatic, prosodic, and idiosyncratic. These rules shape the way language is written, spoken, and interpreted.
Phonological rules describe the systematic relationship between sounds. They are responsible for determining what a symbol, or letter of the alphabet, sounds like. For example, the “gh” in the word “cough” creates an “f” sound in that particular word, whereas the same two letters remain silent in the word “although.”
Semantics is the relationship between symbols and the things they refer to. Semantic rules are the agreed-upon definitions of words. These rules are specific to each language and to each group of symbols in the language.
The word “syntax” means the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language. Therefore, syntactic rules are those rules used in communication to describe how things are organized or ordered. The order of words is very important. Without rules to govern how sentences are structured there would be no communication. In other words, there would be no understanding because there would be no common, basic form for everyone to rely on.
Pragmatic rules are those rules used in social communication. They depend on the context of the situation. Pragmatics may include using languages for different purposes, changing language so that everyone within a group understands, or following important social rules. Pragmatics are important because they consider key cultural and social rules that govern relationships. Along with this, they also consider relationships already formed between people, as well as the type of language used in such situations.
The prosodic rules of communication tell what rhythm, volume, pitch, tempo, and stress is to be used during a conversation. It relates to the paralanguage of communication, which is the nonverbal component of verbal communication. By shaping these qualities, a speaker reflects his or her emotional state, and can add more meaning or feeling to a message. When a speaker is speaking at a slow pace, low pitch, and soft volume, he or she most likely is in a calm, relaxed state. By speaking at a fast pace, high volume and pitch, and with extreme stress on words, a speaker is probably expressing anger.
The idiosyncratic rules of communication tell what type of words and language are to be used when speaking with people. Different word choice is adjusted due to the relationships between the communicators, the context of the conversation, the content of the conversation, and the cultural differences between the communicators. Jargon is a specialized language between certain people or professionals, and it is one example of how different words and language are used between people. Doctors or lawyers use jargon relating to their professions when communicating with other professionals, but adjust their word choices when speaking with patients or clients so they do not confuse or create misunderstandings.
Just as Science has the Scientific Method, Education has an Educational Method.
- Scientific Method
- Form an Hypothesis
- Collect Data
- Analyze Data
- Present a Conclusion about the Hypothesis
- Educational Method
- Ask a question – The thing that is to be learned
- Present Data – either historical or experimental
- Identify the Facts present in the Data
- Present conclusions about the original question (Confirming or not Confirming the original Conclusion)
- Present the Resume of the Individual/Group drawing the conclusions